History Of Qustuntunia In Urdu Pdf 25
History of Qustuntunia in Urdu PDF 25
Qustuntunia, or Constantinople, was the capital of the Byzantine Empire and later the Ottoman Empire. It was a city of great cultural, religious, and political significance for centuries. It was also the site of many battles and sieges, as various powers tried to capture or defend it. In this article, we will explore some of the historical events and personalities related to Qustuntunia, based on the sources available in Urdu PDF format.
Qustuntunia Par Pehla Hamla
The first attack on Qustuntunia was launched by the Umayyad Caliph Yazid I in 674 CE. He sent a large naval fleet under the command of Muawiyah ibn Hudayj to besiege the city. The siege lasted for seven years, but the Byzantines managed to resist with the help of a secret weapon called Greek fire, which could burn on water and destroy enemy ships. The siege was lifted in 681 CE, after a peace treaty was signed between the two sides. This was the first of many attempts by the Muslims to conquer Qustuntunia.
history of qustuntunia in urdu pdf 25
Qustuntunia Ka Fatah
The conquest of Qustuntunia by the Ottomans was one of the most remarkable events in Islamic history. It took place in 1453 CE, after a 53-day siege by Sultan Mehmed II. He used cannons, ships, and tunnels to breach the walls of the city, which had been fortified by Emperor Constantine XI. The final assault was launched on May 29, and after a fierce battle, the city fell to the Ottomans. Sultan Mehmed II entered the city as a victor and declared it as his new capital. He also allowed religious freedom and protection to the Christians and Jews living in the city.
Qustuntunia Ki Tareekh
The history of Qustuntunia is rich and diverse, spanning over many centuries and civilizations. It was founded by the Greeks as Byzantium in the 7th century BCE, and later became part of the Roman Empire. It was renamed as Constantinople by Emperor Constantine I in 330 CE, who made it the capital of his empire. It was also the center of Eastern Orthodox Christianity and Byzantine culture. It survived the fall of Rome and faced many invasions by Persians, Arabs, Crusaders, Mongols, and Turks. It finally became part of the Ottoman Empire in 1453 CE, and remained so until 1923 CE, when it was renamed as Istanbul by the Republic of Turkey. It is now one of the largest and most populous cities in the world, and a cultural and economic hub of Turkey.
If you want to learn more about the history of Qustuntunia in Urdu PDF format, you can download or read online some of the books listed below:
[Qustuntunia Par Pehla Hamla] by Sheikh Abu Al-Fozan Kifayat Ullah Sanali
[Qustuntunia] by Rekhta
[History Of Qustuntunia In Urdu Pdf 25] by Geypreseshanli